It is a form of protection granted to foreign nationals currently in the United States or on their way there and fits the international law criteria of a “refugee.”
Every year, people come to the United States seeking asylum because they have been persecuted or fear they will be persecuted as a result of Race, Religion, Nationality, Social Group involvement, and Political Opinions.
If you qualify for asylum, you may be allowed to stay in the United States. Within one year of your arrival in the United States, you must apply for asylum affirmatively or defensively. Individuals can find more information on affirmative and defensive filings on our Obtaining Asylum in the United States page. The asylum application is free of charge.
You may include your spouse and children currently residing in the United States on your affirmative or defensive asylum application at the time of filing or at any time until a final decision is made on your case. Your child must be under 21 and unmarried to be included in your application.